Vitamins and minerals
Vitamin D – two types – active and storage
MMA methylmalonic acid test
Fat – EPA/DHA
STORY AT-A-GLANCE – Mercola
- The Omega-3 Index test measures the amount of EPA and DHA, the two long-chain omega-3s found in marine sources, in red blood cell membranes, expressed as a percentage of the total fatty acids in the membrane
- Most Americans have an index of 4% to 5% of EPA/DHA in their red blood cell membranes, and the target is between 8% to 12%. To raise your index from 5% to 8%, you need roughly 1,000 mg to 1,200 mg of EPA/DHA per day
- Higher omega-3 index has been linked to better health across the board, and appears to lower the risk of most, if not all, chronic diseases
- Another ratio commonly referred to is the omega-6 to omega-3 ratio, but this ratio is not nearly as useful or important as the omega-3 index
- EPA and DHA help thin the blood, lower the risk of stroke and heart attack, lower serum triglyceride levels, blood pressure and inflammation, add structural stability to the mitochondrial membrane, and aid mitochondrial energy processes
- Dexa Scan
Markers of Bone Resorption:
- CTx blood levels: 114–299 pg/ml
- Urinary NTx/Creatinine: 9.22–24.8 nmol BCE/mmol creatinine
Markers of Bone Formation:
- P1NP: 16.3–36.0 ng/ml
- Bone ALP: 5.15–8.68 ng/ml
- The glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) test can be a valuable tool. This test basically looks at brain changes associated with astrocytosis. Astrocytes respond when there’s a problem in the brain, so it can give you a heads-up that something is afoot up to 10 years before symptoms set in
We’ve had people go from MoCA [Montreal cognitive assessment] scores of 18 to 30, which is fantastic, from demented to normal. We’ve had people go from zero to 9. But we’ve never seen anyone yet be able to go from zero MoCA, which is end-stage Alzheimer’s, to perfect 30 …
A guy wrote me a nasty note a couple years ago, saying ‘How dare you tell people that if they’re too far along, they shouldn’t get on this protocol? My wife had a MoCA score of zero. She’s in a nursing home. We used the protocol that you developed, she only went up a little bit, but her symptoms were so much better.’ She could dress herself, she could speak again, she could engage.
So I don’t say there’s a limit, but it is much harder below 16. You can get some dramatic subjective improvements. And again, we’ve seen people go from 15 to 27. So, it does happen, it’s just that it’s harder the longer you wait, which is why we encourage everyone to come early. If everybody would come in in those first two phases — prevention or SCI — dementia would be a rare problem.”
How the Test Works
A doctor or nurse will take a sample of your blood from your arm with a needle. Let your doctor know if you take any medications or supplements, because they can affect the results. So can eating grapefruits, tangerines, and other fruits high in acid.
The test uses only the fluid in your blood, not the blood cells or the platelets that help your blood clot. A lab technician will add acid to the liquid to unlock carbon dioxide from the bicarbonate. The amount of bicarbonate is measured by how fast the sample’s acidity changes.
Most of the CO2 in the body is in the form of bicarbonate (HCO3-). Therefore, the CO2 blood test is really a measure of your blood bicarbonate level. The normal range is 23-29 mEq/L (milliequivalent per liter).
If the level of carbon dioxide in the blood is lower
than normal, then this leads to difficulties
in releasing oxygen from haemoglobin.
Reading the Results
Your test measures how many millimoles of carbon dioxide is in a liter, or about a quart, of fluid (mmol/L). A normal result is between 23 and 29 mmol/L for adults but may vary by lab.
A low CO2 level can be a sign of several conditions, including:
- Kidney disease
- Diabetic ketoacidosis, which happens when your body’s blood acid level goes up because it doesn’t have enough insulin to digest sugars
- Metabolic acidosis, which means your body makes too much acid
- Addison’s disease, a rare condition that affects the hormone-producing adrenal glands
- Ethylene glycol poisoning. This sweet-tasting chemical is in antifreeze, detergents, paints, and other household products.
- Aspirin overdose
Insulin Fasting Test
- One of the best ways to identify metabolic flexibility and health is a fasting insulin test. Ideally, you want it to be below 3
- If you’re already eating a healthy diet, exercising, and all of your metabolic parameters look good, yet you have an insulin level of 7 or 8, stress may be the culprit, because cortisol raises insulin. Cortisol release is actually a rescue mechanism to ensure you don’t die from low blood sugar